Mixed Roots Japan ミックスルーツ・ジャパン
10月27・28日 大阪大学GLOCOL「足もとの国際化連続セミナー」:ミックスルーツ・アカデミックフォーラム2012



"On Being Born on the 'Outside of Sovereignty': The Postcolonial Condition of Okinawa and its Mixed-Blood Children"

Annmaria Shimabuku, UC Riverside, Department of Comparative Literature and Foreign Languages, Assistant Professor of Japanese and Comparative Literature


Since 1952, the contamination of Japanese women's "purity" and the ensuing result of "mixed-blood children" have been symbolized as a colonial infringement of Japan's sovereignty by the U.S. military. In other words, the discourse of exraterritoriality in Japan, and subsequently Okinawa, has appealed to the occurrence of miscegenation that often finds little protection by the Status of Forces Agreement (SOFA) articulated in the U.S.-Japan Security Treaty. However, from Okinawa's perspective--a region whose colonial circumstance rests precisely in the manipulation of the language of sovereignty through notions of "residual sovereignty" or a "reversion to Japanese sovereignty," these discourses which take sovereignty for granted are troubling. This paper examines the way the notion of being born "outside of sovereignty" participated in the creation of a new U.S.-Japan transpacific colonialism in postwar Okinawa.